Other municipal ordinances that restricted sex offender housing to areas outside a 2, foot zone, such as in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, and Jacksonville, Florida, have been declared invalid due to preemption by state law. Schmidt et al. Such policies are designed to diminish the risk posed to children by repeat sexual predators by decreasing access and opportunity. You can also check out a free tool called Family Watch Dog. So far, no empirical evidence exists to support the notion that restricting where sex offenders live protects children from sexual abuse. About , sex offenders are registered throughout the United States. Among these may be researching sex offenders in your neighborhood, especially come October when your child will be knocking on countless doors in the neighborhood. Do a reverse lookup. Constitutional and Human Rights of Offenders There is no constitutional right to safe, decent, or affordable housing, or, for that matter, any housing at all. But if someone is apt to reoffend, creating a situation in which they have nothing to lose is unlikely to prove to be a sensible crime-fighting strategy. While banishment is unconstitutional, courts have ruled that residential restriction laws do not banish sex offenders because they do not prevent people from residing in a jurisdiction; rather, they simply prohibit them from living in a dwelling close to the protected venues. This article explores the impact of such laws, highlighting the increase in homelessness among sex offenders, who have difficulty finding compliant housing. In Iowa, sex crime rates did not decline in the years following the passage of a residential restriction law, nor did the number of child victims.